Angielski dla Wymagających

Question Tags

Dzisiaj rzecz szalenie praktyczna w mowie, czyli pytania typu QUESTION TAGS.


QUESTION TAGS to rodzaj pytania używanego raczej w mowie lub nieoficjalnym języku pisanym, które jest 'dostawiane' na końcu zdania twierdzącego lub przeczącego.

Not a very good dinner, was it?
That's Tom, isn't it?
You do take sugar, don't you?
They promised to help us, did they not? (rather formal)


Zazwyczaj skracamy NOT, chyba że chcemy zabrzmieć bardziej oficjalnie, to wtedy nie skracamy i wypowiadamy wszystkie wyrazy w QUESTION TAG oddzielnie.

To jest takie trochę pytanie ale nie-pytanie, ponieważ tak jakby sugerujemy tu odpowiedź w zdaniu poprzedzającym QUESTION TAG, chcąc sie nie jako upewnić, czy mamy rację.




Ok, to teraz przykłady:

Present Simple:

You are hungry, aren't you?
She goes to school every day, doesn't she?
We don't need to do that, do we?

Present Continuous:

They are comming with us, aren't they?

Present Perfect Simple and Continuous:

You have bought the bread, haven't you?
She has been waiting for us for an hour, hasn't she?

Past Simple:

You told her, didn't you?
She didn't come, did she?

Past Continuous:

They were waiting all day, weren't they?
She wasn't cooking when you came, was she?

Future Simple:

He won't come, will he?
You will help me, won't you?

Modal Verbs:

They can't come, can they?
You should have told us, shouldn't you?




Ciekawe przypadki ;))


  • Question Tag do I am to aren't I (Nawet nie pytajcie dlaczego ;)):

I'm late, aren't I?


  • Czasami, szczególnie w brytyjskim angielskim QUESTION TAG może mieć wydźwięk rozkazu, szczególnie kiedy jest to: will, would, can, could:

Do sit down, won't you?
(Usiądź, proszę)

Shut up, can't you?
(Zamknij sie!)


  • Question Tag do Let's to shall we:
Let's start, shall we?


  • There tez może wystąpić w Question Tag:
There was something strange about her, wasn't there?


  • Pamiętajcie, że jeśli w zdaniu mamy przysłówek o znaczeniu negatywnym, to Question Tag będzie twierdzące:
You never say what you want, do you?
It's no good, is it?


  • Kiedy podmiotem w zdaniu 'pierwszym' jest nothing lub everything to w Question Tag używamy IT:
Nothing happened, did it?

Natomiast jesli mamy nobody, somebody lub everybody, to w Question Tag będziemy mieli THEY:

Nobody saw you, did they?


  • Kiedy mamy czasownik have bez got, możemy użyć w Question Tag have albo do (w amerykańskim angielskim do jest normą):
You have the documents, haven't/don't you?


  • Często używamy twierdzących Question Tags po zdaniu twierdzącym aby wyrazić zdumienie, zaskoczenie, zainteresowanie lub aby podkreślić informacje zawartą w zdaniu:
So you're getting married, are you? How nice!
You think you're funny, do you?




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2 komentarze:

  1. Zdecydowanie potrzebny mi był ten artykuł aby uporządkować swoją wiedzę na temat "question tagsów" ;)Jest to zagadnienie dosyć przydatne, które w jakiś sposób "ubiegla" nasze wypowiedzi, a nie w każdym podręczniku możemy je znaleźć. Oczywiście w razie pytań dotyczących tego zagadnienia mogę czuć się śmiało? Bo jednak mam kilka przykładów z, którymi sobie nie mogę poradzić. Ale to jak już będę miał chwilkę wolną ;)

    Pozdrawiam

    OdpowiedzUsuń
  2. Be my guest and of course give me some food for thought :)

    OdpowiedzUsuń

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